Gurudwara Shri Akal Takhat Sahib
In the Distt City Amritsar. on the front side of GURUDWARA SHRI HARIMANDIR SAHIB.
Associated with :
Guru Hargobind Singh ji
• GURUDWARA SHRI AKAL TAKHAT SAHIB is situated in the Distt City Amritsar. It is situated on the front side of GURUDWARA SHRI HARIMANDIR SAHIB. The Takhat Shri Darbar Sahib Akal Takhat means The Seat (Throne) of the Timeless One or Seat (Throne) of God. AKAL TAKHAT SAHIB is located in the Golden Templen complex in Amritsar, Punjab. The AKAL TAKHAT SAHIB was initially built by the sixth Guru of Sikhs, GURU HARGOBIND SAHIB JI as a symbol for political sovereignty of Sikhs. It stood as symbol of political and military resistance against the Mughal Empire in the 17th and 18th century. GURU SAHIB used to hold a darbar for listening and solving the problem of his followers. This is First of the five TAKHAT SAHIBS of sikh relegion.
shri Akal Takht Sahib is a famous pilgrimage place for the Sikhs in Amritsar. Akal Takht literally means Eternal Throne. It is part of the Golden Temple complex. The foundation was laid by Guru Hargobind. It was here that he was ceremonially installed as Guru in 1606. The building of the Akal Takht opposite the Golden Temple has a special meaning. While the Golden Temple stands for spiritual guidance (piri) the Akal Takht symbolizes the dispensing of justice and temporal activity (miri). During the day the Guru Granth Sahib is kept in the Golden Temple, while at night it is kept in the Akal Takht. Traditionally all Sikh warriors sought blessings here before going to battle. During the 18th century while Sikhs were fighting a guerrilla war in the forests they used to gather at the Akal Takht on special occasions such as Baisakhi and Diwali. Here the community used to have general meetings and approve resolutions.
Akal Takht was built during the Mughal rule. Emperor Jahangir had asked Guru Arjan Dev to pay a huge fine and revise the Adi Granth. When he denied to do so, the Guru was forced to sit on iron plates and many other tortures were inflicted on him simultaneously. He left for the heavenly abode on May 30, 1606, fighting for virtue. After this incident, a need was felt to defend righteousness, not with rosary alone, but also with weapons. Accordingly, Guru Hargobind Singh, the young son of Guru Arjan Dev, founded the Akal Takth by taking the dual swords of Miri and Piri.
shri Akal Takht was founded in 1609. It is also called Akal Bunga, the house of the Lord. Guru Hargobind Ji himself used to sit here and hold a court of justice. Many Sikhs gathered there for redressal of their grievances. Akal Takht Sahib is a huge five storey building, standing on a marble paved platform. Baba Budha Ji and Bhai Gurdas raised this celestial fabric by their hand. In 1774, the construction of the ground floor was completed, whereas the other four floors were built by Maharaja Ranjit Singh. Famous Sikh General Han Singh Nalwa constructed the Golden dome.
In the Sikh system, God is referred to as the Sacha Patshah or the True King and his seat as the Sacha Takht or the True Throne. Akal Takht is the throne where the Guru sits and dispenses justice. While the Golden Temple stands for spiritual guidance (piri), Akal Takht symbolizes the dispensing of justice and temporal activity (miri). The Jathedar of Akal Takht issues Hukamnama (decrees), which is binding on every Sikh individual. Akal Takht has the right to punish somebody for bad deeds or showers praise on the deserving ones. It is respected above all individuals, even above the rulers.
On one occasion, Maharaja Ranjit Singh was penalized for his misdemeanors, by the Sarbat Khalsa at the Akal Takht. The Gursikh in Ranjit Singh solemnly accepted the punishment. However, corporal punishment to the sovereign was converted into a heavy fine. shri Akal Takht is the nucleus of politics and religion, designated as miri-piri and bhagati-shakti. It has been shaping the religious, social and political aspects of the Sikhs. It is the symbol of the continuing faith in the unifying doctrine of the Sikh religion and its non-violent politics. It is the source which teaches that righteousness must be defended with rosary in one hand and sword in the other.