Gurudwara Sis Ganj Sahib
Gurudwara Sis Ganj Sahib Chandni Chowk Rd, New Delhi.
Associated with :
Guru Tegh Bahadur sahib ji
• Gurudwara Sis Ganj Sahib is built at the site in the Chandni Chowk area of Old Delhi, where the revered ninth Sikh Guru, Guru Tegh Bahadur was beheaded, on Wednesday, November 24, 1675, on the orders of the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb for refusing to convert to Islam. Before his body could be quartered and exposed to public view, it was stolen under the cover of darkness by one of his disciples, Lakhi Shah Vanjara, who then set his home alight to cremate the Guru's body.
• The 'Sis' (severed head) of Guru Tegh Bahadur was taken to Anandpur Sahib by Bhai Jaita, another devotee of the Guru where it was cremated by the Guru's young son, Guru Gobind Rai.
• Bhai Jaita who had been of the Majhabi (scavenger) caste, was renamed Bhai Jivan Singh on the day that Guru Gobind Rai created the Khalsa and added the names Singh or Kaur to the names of Sikhs. Bhai Jivan Singh was one of the Martyrs at Chamkaur. Guru Gobind Singh was the tenth and last living Guru of the Sikhs.
• Adjoining the Gurdwara Sis Ganj was the Kotwali (police station), where the faithful disciples of the Great Guru Bhai Mati Das, Bhai Dyala and Bhai Sati Das were tortured to death at about the same time.
• Guru Tegh Bahadur was born in the holy city of Amritsar on April, 1621. He was the fifth and the youngest son of the sixth prophet, Guru Hargobind, and the only one to deservedly ascend the pontific throne nearly 20 years after his father's death as ninth Guru of Sikhs. He was a great lover of poetry and peace, music and meditations, charity and human freedom. He was on his missionary tour in Bengal and Assam when he heard that Aurangzeb had issued orders to persecute the Brahmins, the custodians of Hindus faith. The Emperor had in those days thrown hundreds of Brahmins into jails in the hope that if they embraced the religion of the prophet, the rest of the Hindus would follow suit. (Latif)
Five hundred Brahmins under the leadership of Pundit Kirpa Ram of Kashmir met Guru Tegh Bahadur at Anandpur to seek his protection and help, as Shivaji and the Rajputs had expressed their helplessness in the matter. Moved by their woeful tales the Compassionate Guru said,"Go and tell Aurangzeb that if he succeeded in converting Guru Tegh Bahadur, all Brahmins and their Hindu followers would accept Islam, but if he failed to do so he must stop the persecution of Brahmins.
Gurudwara Sis Ganj Sahib
• Aurangzeb reached Delhi sometime in the middle of 1675. (the year given by Massir-i-Alamgiri, like many of its other dates is incorrect). Guru Tegh Bahadur reached Agra and courted arrest. He was brought to Delhi. Aurangzeb failed to convince Guru Tegh Bahadur that idolators should be physically eliminate by superior political power. Guru Tegh Bahadur was himself preaching against idolatory and Brahmanism, but he refused to accept that forcible conversion in any form was legally morally, and spiritually justified. He considered forcible conversion inhuman, brutal and against the basic moral values which higher religions preach. Guru Tegh Bahadur refused to show miracles to save his life because displaying occult powers was considered unworthy of true saints and prophets of God.
• By Aurangzeb's orders first, Guru Tegh Bahadur's leading apostles and companions in prison were tortured to death. Bhai Dayal Das was thrown into a boiling cauldron, Bhai Mati Das was sawn alive, Bhai Sati Das was burnt on the stake. The sight of the heroic martyrdom of his disciples did not disturb Guru Tegh Bahadur's mind. He was beheaded in the presence of a large crowd under a tree, the trunk of which is still preserved in Sis Ganj shrine on Thursday 11th November, 1675 A.D. Around the place of martyrdom of the Guru grew a temple now known as Sis Ganj. The well where he took his bath while in prison is still preserved. Chandni Chowk where Bhai Mati Das and his other companions were tortured to death will some day be acquired and a suitable memorial built. At present it is in the centre of Chandni Chowk Square.