The Fourth Guru - Guru Ram Das ji
(1574 - 1581)
Bhai Jetha (Ram Das Ji)
Hari Das & Anup Devi(Daya Kaur)
October 9, 1534, Lahore
Prithi Chand, Mahadev and Guru Arjan Dev
Joti Jot :
September 1, 1581
638 hymns in 30 ragas ,246 Padei 138 Saloks, 31 Ashtpadis and 8 Vars
• Guru Ramdas Sahib (Jetha ji)
was born at Chuna Mandi, Lahore (in Pakistan), on Kartik Vadi 2nd, (25th Assu) Samvat 1591 (September 24, 1534). Son of Mata Daya Kaur ji (Anup Kaur ji) and Baba Hari Das ji Sodhi Khatri was very handsome and promising child. His parents were too poor to meet even the daily needs and he had to earn his bread by selling boiled grams. His parents died when he was just 7 year old. His grandmother (mother's, mother) took him to her native village Basarke. He spent five years at village Basarke earning his bread by selling boiled grams. According to some chronicles, once Guru Amardas Sahib came village Basarke to condole with the grandmother of (Guru) Ramdas Sahib at the death of her son-in-law and developed deep affection for (Guru) Ramdas Sahib. Along with grandmother he left for Goidwal Sahib to settle there. There he resumed his profession of selling boiled grams and also began to take part in the religious congregation held by Guru Amardas Sahib. He also made active participation in the development of Goindwal Sahib.
Selling Boiled Grams
Bhai Jetha to be the most faithful Sikh. He blessed him with the name Ram Das which means 'God's servant' and told his Sikhs that Guru Ram Das would be the fourth Guru.
Guru Ram Das founded the sacred city of Amritsar which had been an instruction left by Guru Nanak (the first Guru). He brought people of 52 different trades together at the place chosen by Guru Nanak which was uninhabited forest at that time, and began by constructing the lake which today surrounds the Golden Temple of Amritsar.
Amritsar is now the second largest city in Punjab
As with all the Sikh Gurus, Guru Ram Das taught the way of Nam Japna (sincere worship of God), kirat karna (earning an honest living) and vand chhakna (sharing one's earnings with the needy) as the way of life of a Sikh. He taught Sikhs to take a full part in society (Sikhs do not try to be hermits), but at the same time not to be mentally attached to anything in this world. This is because humans are only on earth for a relatively short time, and there is no point becoming attached to things which we all have to leave behind, and which distract us from the praise of God while we are here.He taught against the evils of caste, ritualism and idol worship. He taught the way of love for the one almighty God as the way to salvation.The hymns of Guru Ram Das can be found in Guru Granth Sahib.
• Guru Ramdas ji
was married to Bibi Bhani Ji (daughter of Guru Amardas Sahib). She bore him three sons: Prithi Chand Ji, Mahadev Ji and Arjan dev (Guru) Ji. After the marriage he stayed with his father-in-law and deeply associated himself with the Guru Ghar activities (Sikhism). He commanded full confidence of Guru Amardas Sahib and often accompanied him when the latter went on long missionary tours to different parts of India.
Founding of the Golden Temple
Jetha purchased a tract of land. He was bequeathed an adjacent parcel that Akbar, a Mughal emperor, had given to Bibi Bhani as a wedding gift. Under the direction of Guru Amar Das, Jetha began the excavation of two sarovars, or tanks of sacred water, called Santokh-sar and Amrit-sar. He laid out the foundation site of a township around the latter which would eventually become the Golden Temple of the Harmandir Sahib complex in present day Amritsar, India.
Sri Harmandir Sahib literally means The Temple of God.Guru Ram Das ji, excavated a tank in 1577 CE which subsequently became known as Amritsar (meaning "Pool of the Nectar of Immortality" giving its name to the city that grew around it. In due course, a splendid Sikh edifice, Sri Harmandir Sahib (meaning "the abode of God")
rose in the middle of this tank and became the supreme centre of Sikhism.Its sanctum came to house the Adi Granth comprising compositions of Sikh Gurus and other saints considered to have Sikh values and philosophies, e.g., Baba Farid, and Kabir. The compilation of The Adi Granth was started by the fifth guru of Sikhism, Guru Arjan Dev ji.
Guru Ramdas Sahib strengthened the Sikhism a step further by composing Four Lawans and advised the Sikhs to recite them in order to solemnize the marriages of their children. Thus he introduced a new matrimonial system based upon Sikhism instead of Hindu's Vedi system. Thus this distinct
Guru Ram Das Ji
marriage code for the Sikhs separated them from the orthodox and traditional Hindu system. also made rapprochement with different sects of Udasis through Baba Shri Chand Ji. He, like his predecessors carried forward the tradition of Guru ka Langer. Superstitions, caste system and pilgrimages were strongly decried.
He wrote 638 hymns in 30 ragas, these include 246 Padei 138 Saloks, 31 Ashtpadis and 8 Vars and are a part of Guru Granth Sahib. He nominated his youngest son (Guru) Arjan Sahib as Fifth Nanak. After this he left Amritsar and retired to Goindwal Sahib. There, after a few days he passed away for heaven on Bhadon Sudi 3rd (2nd Assu) Samvat 1638 (September 1, 1581).