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Guru Nanak Dev Ji
Guru Angad Dev ji
Guru Amar Das Ji
Guru Ram Das Ji
Guru Arjan Dev ji
Guru Hargobind Ji
Guru Har Rai Ji
Guru Har Krishan Ji
Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji
Guru Gobind Ji
Guru Granth Sahib Ji

The Ten Gurus of Sikhism

• Sikhism was established by ten Gurus, human spiritual teachers or masters, over the period from 1469 to 1708 - that is over a period of 239 years. These teachers were enlightened souls whose main purpose in life was the spiritual and moral well-being of the masses. By setting an exceptional example of how to live a holy and worthy life through practising righteous principles of living their human lives, they sort to awaken the higher conciousness in the human race. The Gurus taught the people of India and beyond, to live spiritually fulfilling lives with dignity, freedom and honour.

• Each of the ten masters added to and reinforced the message taught by the previous, resulting eventually to the creation of the religion that is now called Sikhism. Guru Nanak Dev was the first Guru and Guru Gobind Singh the final Guru in human form. When Guru Gobind Singh left this world, he made the Sri Guru Granth Sahib the ultimate and final Sikh Guru. The Spirit of this final Guru is more than a holy book for the Sikhs, who give this eternal Guru the same respect and reverence as a living "human" Guru.

• During the span of 239 years, the Sikh Gurus laid down within the sacred scriptures, the rules and regulations that outline the way of living that was to be followed by all practising disciple of this religion. The history and the literature present the followers of the faith and others with the raw material required to learn about the beliefs and practises propagated by the Gurus. The Gurus were clear also to outline rituals, practises and beliefs that were not appropriate and were not to be followed by the faithful disciples. They promoted the habit of reciting of holy hymns called Shabads; living in constant remembrance of the Supreme Creator and living a simple life of truth, decency and virtuous principles.
List of Sikh Gurus
No Name D O B Guruship Demise Father Mother
1. Guru Nanak Dev ji 15 Apr 1469 20 Aug 1507 22 Sept 1539 Mehta Kalu Mata Tripta
2. Guru Angad Dev ji 31 Mar 1504 7 Sep 1539 29 Mar 1552 Baba Pheru Mata Ramo
3. Guru Amar Das ji 5 May 1479 26 Mar 1552 1 Sep 1574 Tej Bhan Bhalla Bakht Kaur
4. Guru Ram Das ji 24 Sep 1534 1 Sep 1574 1 Sep 1581 Baba Hari Das Mata Daya Kaur
5. Guru Arjan Dev ji 15 Apr 1563 1 Sep 1581 30 May 1606 Guru Ram Das Mata Bhani
6. Guru Har Gobind ji 19 June 1595 25 May 1606 28 Feb 1644 Guru Arjan dev Mata Ganga
7. Guru Har Rai ji 16 Jan 1630 3 Mar 1644 6 Oct 1661 Baba Gurdita Mata Nihal Kaur
8. Guru Har Krishan ji 7 July 1656 6 Oct 1661 30 Mar 1664 Guru Har Rai Mata Krishan Kaur
9. Guru Tegh Bahadur ji 1 Apr 1621 20 Mar 1665 11 Nov 1675 Guru Hargobind Mata Nanki
10. Guru Gobind Singh ji 22 Dec 1666 11 Nov 1675 7 Oct 1708 Guru Tegh Bahadur Mata Gujri
11. Guru Granth Sahib ji n/a 7 Oct 1708 n/a

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